Surgical sequence

Surgical sequence gallery

Project goal

The goal of this project is for the students to produce a series of continuous tone or colour artworks created in Adobe Photoshop, Procreate or with traditional mediums  of a surgical sequence. Students are to assume the illustrations would be used in educational mediums. The artwork should reflect the students ability to draw realistic illustrations of the human form, internal anatomy and medical equipment/instruments which interacts with the patient. The final illustrations should show a logical walk through of the steps of the surgical sequence. 

The project aims to progress the students skills in illustrating hard (instrument) vs soft (the human body) forms they have obtained through the ‘surgical instrument in situ’ project and advance their understanding surgical sequences, procedure depiction and logical layout of educational material. Emphasis will be placed on accurate observation of the subject matter and sequencing.  Instructional impact of the illustration for educational reasons is paramount, therefore ‘call-outs’, ‘anatomy ghosting’ and ‘instructional infographics’ will feature in their artwork. To develop the students medium skills, the students will compositing their illustration in Adobe Indesign and create an interactive walk through design.  The project will advance the student skills in digital programs.

 

Project objectives

  • Learn to analyse real examples of surgical illustrations from which to benchmark your own work.  Emphasis on instructional impact and clarity.
  • Learn the most effective techniques to use Adobe Photoshop/Procreate and Indesign for this surgical sequence.
  • Learn how to integrate your artwork from Adobe Photoshop/Procreate into Indesign.
  • Learn how to layout a surgical sequence.
  • Learn medical/anatomical terminology, related to your surgical procedure. 
  • Create life drawing pencil studies of the external view of the patient or body part, taking care to appreciate angles, perspective and the viewpoint of the onlooker. 
  • Create detailed illustrations of your surgical instruments or equipment, appreciating it from all angles.
  • Produce a series of illustrations of the internal anatomy and how it changes during the procedure when it is cut, sutured, removed, or retracted – for example.
  • Investigate the procedure and evidence your understanding through studies and text. 
  • Produce close up views or ghosted internal anatomy studies for your image, if this adds educational benefit.
  • Collate the procedure in Indesign (or any other interactive program) to make it an interactive design to step viewers through the procedure.
  • Produce a series of artworks on a surgical procedure, with clear instructional or educational impact in the program of your choice with a clear layout for the artworks intended use.

Project Outcomes

  • A series (5 or more) of continuous tone or colour artwork on a surgical/clinical instrument in situ and in use. 
  • Extremely well developed studies of the surgical procedure, internal anatomy, patient position, instruments etc,
  • Ability to critique own and others surgical artworks.
  • Mastered design of clear and logical layout, with instructional impact.
  • Interpret and present information for an intended audience.
  • In interactive designed document to step viewers through the procedure..
  • Acquired skills in digital programs.

Marking criteria. The marking criteria indicated here is a guide and grades are allocated in conjunction with the assessment criteria laid out under ‘Assessment Information – In-course Assessment Criteria’.

Criteria Levels of achievement
Illustrational impact and clarity. Including skill in chosen medium (final artwork only and marked out of 10 points)

• Instructional impact of patient and procedure
described in the illustration
• Observation accuracy of human form, hands holding instruments and instruments themselves etc
• Skill at capturing hard instruments, soft anatomy and deformation of skin under tension/pressure
• Skill and neatness of rendered illustration
• Effort given to the requirements of the project.
• Rhythm and or progression within the illustration or the set of illustrations
• Understanding and control of art materials and
techniques, singly and in combination
• Understanding of elements, such as colour, line,
texture, balance

Fluent ability

9-10 points

Confident ability

7-8 points

Competent ability

5- 6 points

Basic ability

3- 4 points

Limited ability

1-2 points

Anatomical accuracy and exploration
(final artwork only and marked out of 5 points)

• Anatomical accuracy
• Correct steps for procedure
• Patient positioning
• Ability to choose the best viewpoint or angle of the patient or procedure in the illustration
• Understanding of the subject, medical situation within a wider context

Excellent form and anatomical accuracy

5 points

Almost no errors in anatomical accuracy

4 points

A few errorrs in anatomical accuracy.

3 points

Some errors in anatomical accuracy.

2 points

Major errors in the anatomy or surgery

1 point

Presentation and attractiveness
(Includes all images and marked out of 5 points)

Presentation neatness
• Layout, call-outs, rhythm and readability
• Titles, headlines and hierarchy of accompanying text
• Text, typography, alignment and labelling design and
effort
• Spelling, grammar, widows, and orphans
• Audience consideration in the language used.
• Colour palate
• Medium consideration for where artwork will be
finally viewed

Excellent

5 points

Extremely good

4 points

Very good

3 points

Good

2 points

Basic

1 point

Observational and exploratory quality of the collection of illustrations.
(Includes all images and marked out of 5 points)

Observational skill
• Creation of final display
• Independent research and original concepts
• Supporting studies depiction of anatomy,
instruments and human form
• Awareness and appreciation of the context and
purpose of illustration

Fluent ability

5 points

Confident ability

4 points

Competent ability

3 points

Basic ability

2 points

Limited ability

1 point

Level achieved from total points:
This project is marked on the four categories listed above. Once points are assigned to each category they are added up and a grade is given depending on the total points.
Distinction (20 – 25 points) Credit (19 – 15 points) High Pass (10 – 14 points Pass (5 – 9 points) Pass with Amends/ Referred for re-submission (1 – 4 points)

What do I need to bring to class?

  1. First step in initial seminars: Discuss with the supervisors and review good examples of surgical sequence illustrations to devise some ideas of a surgical procedure you would like to illustrate. You may like develop the surgical procedure you drew in the ‘patient positioning’ or ‘surgical instrument in situ’ project. Read about the procedure and make notes to fully understand it and how it is preformed and how it changes  the patients anatomy. Make initial accurate and interpretive sketches, and form a clear understanding of the procedure. Obtain initial feedback on your sketches from your supervisor.  To develop your medium skills there is an online tutorial on creating an interactive platform describing the procedure in Adobe Indesign.
    1. Homework
      1. Form: Pencil drawings of the procedure, the external view of the patient, the instruments and internal anatomy.  These can be worked up in any program of your choice.
      2. Exploration:  Produce close up views or ghosted internal anatomy pencil or pen and ink, to show how the external/ internal anatomy of the patient is affected during the procedure. 
      3. Medium development: Create an interactive artwork in Indesign that can step the viewer through the sequence. Make sure it shows instructional impact.
      4. Coursework draft: Produce work-in-progress illustrations and arrange them in Indesign. Make sure draft illustrations, text and infographics are in place for feedback.
  2. Second step is the interim design presentation: Present your proposal, initial sketches, research material to obtain formative and critical feedback from your supervisor and peers. You present your draft illustration which shows a more developed illustration and design and is in response to the feedback from the initial seminar. supervisor and peer review of the design work-in-progress which provides formative feedback to produce your final version.
    1. Homework
      1. Incorporate any feedback received on the ‘form’ and ‘exploration’ homework into your final artwork. Consolidate your final image incorporating any feedback and print at A3 for your assessment portfolio.  This work will not be marked independently at assessment, but will form part of the observation and exploratory section of the marking criteria.
      2. Export your interactive artwork of the surgical sequence in a format that can be viewed at assessment. This work will not be marked independently at assessment, but will form part of the observation and exploratory section of the marking criteria under student independent research.
      3. Complete the final illustration of the surgical procedure, based on feedback at the seminar. Present again at following seminar for final feedback.
  3. Final step is the final presentation: Before submitting to assessment you must have it checked by your supervisor at seminars or on a designated tutoring day via email and telephone. In assessment your work will be marked according to the marking criteria of that project. You will receive a detailed feedback form after assessment.

What do I need to bring to assessment?

You must bring:

  • The final illustrations displaced in a logical walk through- mounted and labelled.
  • Initial artworks which include sketches, of the external/internal anatomy, instruments, surgical procedure.
  • Interactive artwork of the surgical sequence.
  • Make sure all the artwork is well presented, neat, and labelled.

Homework tutorials or useful information

Interactive Indesign pdf tutorials can be found all over the internet, but I recommend Terry White who is an adobe Evanglist

Theatre arrangements

Please note: Your arrangement to enter a surgical theatre or patient clinic to view a surgical procedure is entirely an independent arrangement solely between yourself (the registered MAET student) and the inviting surgeon/doctor and/or inviting hospital to observe the selected procedure/s.

The MAET does not become involved with any administrative placement procedures or any hospital policy arrangements, at any time.

The MAET will however be able to supply each student with a letter upon request, certifying that you are a current enroled, registered and fully paid up MAET student.

Details on all the Medical Artists' Education Trust projects can be found below