Surgical instrument in situ

Surgical instrument in situ gallery

Project goal

The goal of this project is for the students to produce a single linework artwork created in Adobe Illustrator of a surgical instrument or clinical equipment in situ and in use. Students are to assume the illustration would be used as part of a surgical sequence or for a user guide manual. The artwork should reflect the students ability to draw realistic illustrations of a section of the human form, how the instrument interacts with the body and how the instrument is held and/or manipulated. 

The project aims to progress the students skills in illustrating hard (instrument) vs soft (the human body) forms they have obtained through life drawing and advance their understanding of patient depiction in operative, radiological or clinical procedures. Emphasis will be placed on accurate observation of the subject matter.  Instructional impact of the illustration for educational reasons is paramount, therefore ‘call-outs’, ‘anatomy ghosting’ and ‘instructional infographics’ will begin to feature in their artwork. To develop the students medium skills, the students will compositing their illustration in Adobe Indesign and display their final artwork in the layout the images would be used in, such as a book, poster or leaflet. Students can also create a 3D version of the instrument in Blender 3D  to progress their knowledge into 3D programs. The project will advance the student skills in digital programs.

 

Project objectives

  • Learn to analyse real examples of surgical/clinical illustrations from which to benchmark your own work.  Emphasis on instructional impact and clarity.
  • Learn of the most effective techniques to use Adobe Illustrator and Indesign for graphic design.
  • Learn how to integrate your artwork from Adobe Illustrator into Indesign.
  • Layout a surgical or clinical image of your choice.
  • Learn medical/anatomical terminology, related to your surgical or clinical procedure. 
  • Create life drawing pencil studies of the patient or body part of patient, taking care to appreciate angles, perspective and the viewpoint of the onlooker. 
  • Create detailed illustrations of your surgical or clinical instrument or equipment, appreciating it from all angles.
  • Produce a series of illustrations of the doctors/surgeons/nurses hands holding the instrument, appreciating the grip, technique or placement.
  • Investigate the procedure and evidence your understanding through studies and text. 
  • Produce close up views or ghosted internal anatomy studies for your image, if this adds educational benefit.
  • Create the instrument as a 3D object in Blender 3D and learn basic rendering techniques.
  • Produce a piece of artwork on a surgical/clinical instrument in situ and in use, with clear instructional or educational impact in Adobe Indesign with a clear layout for the artworks intended use.

Project Outcomes

  • A final piece of line artwork on a surgical/clinical instrument in situ and in use. 
  • Extremely well developed studies of the instrument itself, it being held by a clinician and being used in a clinical situation.
  • Ability to critique own and others surgical artworks.
  • Mastered design of clear and logical layout, with instructional impact
  • Interpret and present information for an intended audience.
  • A 3D instrument created in Blender and published on Sketchfab.
  • Acquired skills in Adobe Illustrator, Indesign and Blender 3D.

Marking criteria. The marking criteria indicated here is a guide and grades are allocated in conjunction with the assessment criteria laid out under ‘Assessment Information – In-course Assessment Criteria’.

Criteria Levels of achievement
Illustrational impact and clarity. Including skill in chosen medium (final artwork only and marked out of 10 points))

• Instructional impact of patient and procedure
described in the illustration
• Observation accuracy of human form, hands holding instruments and instruments themselves etc
• Skill at capturing hard instruments, soft anatomy and deformation of skin under tension/pressure
• Skill and neatness of rendered illustration
• Effort given to the requirements of the project.
• Rhythm and or progression within the illustration or the set of illustrations
• Understanding and control of art materials and
techniques, singly and in combination
• Understanding of elements, such as colour, line,
texture,balance etc

Fluent ability

9-10 points

Confident ability

7-8 points

Competent ability

5- 6 points

Basic ability

3- 4 points

Limited ability

1-2 points

Anatomical accuracy and exploration
(final artwork only and marked out of 5 points)

• Anatomical accuracy
• Patient positioning
• Ability to choose the best viewpoint or angle of the patient or procedure in the illustration
• Understanding of the subject, medical situation within a wider context

Excellent form and anatomical accuracy

5 points

Almost no errors in anatomical accuracy

4 points

A few errorrs in anatomical accuracy.

3 points

Some errors in anatomical accuracy.

2 points

Major errors in the anatomy or surgery

1 point

Presentation and attractiveness
(Includes all images and marked out of 5 points)

Presentation neatness
• Layout, call-outs, rhythm and readability
• Titles, headlines and hierarchy of accompanying text
• Text, typography, alignment and labelling design and effort
• Spelling, grammar, widows, and orphans
• Audience consideration in the language used.
• Colour palate
• Medium consideration for where artwork will be finally viewed

Excellent

5 points

Extremely good

4 points

Very good

3 points

Good

2 points

Basic

1 point

Observational and exploratory quality of the collection of illustrations.
(Includes all images/sketchbooks etc. and marked out of 5 points)

• Observational skill
• Creation of final display
• Independent research and original concepts
• Supporting studies depiction of anatomy,
instruments and human form
• Awareness and appreciation of the context and purpose of illustration

Fluent ability

5 points

Confident ability

4 points

Competent ability

3 points

Basic ability

2 points

Limited ability

1 point

Level achieved from total points:
This project is marked on the four categories listed above. Once points are assigned to each category they are added up and a grade is given depending on the total points.
Distinction (20 – 25 points) Credit (19 – 15 points) High Pass (10 – 14 points Pass (5 – 9 points) Pass with Amends/ Referred for re-submission (1 – 4 points)

What do I need to bring to class?

  1. First step in initial seminars: Discuss with the supervisors and review good examples of surgical/clinical illustrations that include medical instruments to devise some ideas of a surgical or clinical procedure you would like to illustrate. You may like use a single image from the surgical sequence or patient positioning project. Read about the procedure and make notes to fully understand it and how the instrument is used and how it interacts with the patients anatomy. Make initial accurate and interpretive sketches, and form a clear understanding of how the instrument is used. Obtain initial feedback on your sketches from your supervisor.  Online tutorial on Adobe Illustrator can be found on the MAET website. To develop your medium skills there is an online tutorial on creating a 3D model of your instrument in Blender.
    1. Homework
      1. Form: Pencil drawings of the instrument, instrument in the hand of the clinician and the instrument in use.  These can be worked up in Adobe Illustrator for your coursework draft
      2. Exploration:  Produce close up views or ghosted internal anatomy pencil or pen and ink studies to show how the instrument interacts with the soft anatomy of the patient. 
      3. Medium development: If the student desires (not obligatory) make your instrument in Blender 3D.
      4. Coursework draft: Produce a work-in-progress illustration and place it in Indesign to show how you intend to layout the final image. Make sure draft illustrations, text and infographics are in place for feedback.
  2. Second step is the interim design presentation: Present your proposal, initial sketches, research material to obtain formative and critical feedback from your supervisor and peers. You present your draft illustration which shows a more developed design and is in response to the feedback from the initial seminar. supervisor and peer review of the design work-in-progress which provides formative feedback to produce your final version.
    1. Homework
      1. Incorporate any feedback received on the ‘form’ and ‘exploration’ homework into your final artwork. Consolidate your final image incorporating any feedback and print at A3 for your assessment portfolio.  This work will not be marked independently at assessment, but will form part of the observation and exploratory section of the marking criteria.
      2. If a 3D blender instrument was created export it to sketchfab so it can be viewed at assessment. This work will not be marked independently at assessment, but will form part of the observation and exploratory section of the marking criteria under student independent research.
      3. Complete the Adobe Illustrator illustration of the surgical/clinical instrument in situ and use, based on feedback at the seminar. Present again at following seminar for final feedback.
  3. Final step is the final presentation: Before submitting to assessment you must have it checked by your supervisor at seminars or on a designated tutoring day via email and telephone. In assessment your work will be marked according to the marking criteria of that project. You will receive a detailed feedback form after assessment.

What do I need to bring to assessment?

You must bring:

  • The final illustration- mounted and labelled.
  • Initial artworks which include sketches, of the instrument, instrument being held and instrument in situ and use.
  • Make sure all the artwork is well presented, neat, and labelled.

Homework tutorials or useful information

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To get started, watch is beginner videos here https://www.blenderguru.com/tutorials/blender-beginner-tutorial-series

Details on all the Medical Artists' Education Trust projects can be found below